Level 4-Day 2 Hiroshima
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词汇提示 1.Hiroshima 广岛 2.nuclear 核 3.scorching 灼烧的 4.vaporized 蒸发 5.radiation 辐射 6.concrete 混凝土 7.Atomic Dome 原子穹顶 8.poisoning 中毒 9.leukemia 白血病 10.marrow 骨髓 11.cranes 鹤 12.monument 纪念碑 13.tiles 瓷砖 14.bitter 苦的 15.civilians 平民 16.Hitler 希特勒 17.revenge 复仇 18.Pearl Harbour 珍珠港 19.surrender 投降 20.invasion 入侵 21.aircrews 机组人员 原文 Hiroshima North American children know about Hiroshima. They are taught about the dangers of nuclear war. Sometimes they learn the details of the damage that was done. They learn about what happened at 08:50 a.m. on august 6 1945. People were eating breakfast,children were going to school and adults going to work, there was a blinding flash of light, scorching heat, and a mushroom cloud rose up. People close to the explosion were instantly vaporized. Many of those further away would die from burns and radiation. 60000 houses were destroyed immediately. One concrete structure remained standing, although it was damaged. The local government left the Atomic Dome standing as a memorial to the explosion. Even those who were not seriously injured in the explosion later became very ill. They became very sick from radiation poisoning. Many developed leukemia. Sadako Sosaki was two years old when the bomb exploded. She was apparently uninjured, and grew up normally until she was twelve, then she developed leukemia, disease of the blood and bone marrow. Sadako began to fold paper cranes to protect her from the illness. However, she died in 1955, before she reached 1000 paper cranes. Her example inspired the children's monument at Hiroshima. There is a peace museum in Hiroshima, which has objects left by the explosion. These include bottles, metal stones and tiles twisted into strange shapes by the heat. There are objects on which people were vaporized, so that their shape appears like a shadow on the material. There are bits of burnt clothing and many photographs. Why was the bomb dropped?  World War II was a long and bitter war. The rules of war, which said not to kill civilians, were forgotten. Hitler bombed London, hoping to break the spirit of the English. Then England bombed Germany to destroy the factories and kill the people who worked in them. Americans wanted revenge for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. The U-S government had spent $6 billion developing the A-bomb and wanted to use it. Some say that they also wanted to warn the Russians not to cause trouble for America. When American forces advanced on Japan in 1945, they had to decide what to do. Would Japan surrender, or would they fight to the last soldier? American leaders feared that they might lose many of men by an invasion. Dropping the atomic bomb would end the war very quickly. President Truman made the decision to use it. Since then, most people have felt that this decision was wrong. It was such a terrible thing to do to the people, children, old people, women, men and babies. Hiroshima inspired many people to try to ban the bomb. They wanted to ensure that atomic bombs would not be used again. Even some of the scientists and air crews involved in making and dropping the bomb at Hiroshima wanted it banned. Perhaps, if we can all remember what happened that day, there will be no more Hiroshima's 翻译 广岛 北美的孩子都知道广岛。他们被告知核战争的危险。有时,他们会了解到损害造成的细节。他们知道1945年8月6日上午8:50发生了什么。人们在吃早餐,孩子们去上学,成年人去上班,一道耀眼的闪光,灼热的热浪,一片蘑菇云升起。接近爆炸现场的人立即被蒸发。在稍远的地方,许多人会死于烧伤和辐射。6万所房屋立即被摧毁。一个混凝土结构的建筑仍然矗立着,尽管它已经损坏。当地政府留下了原子穹顶作为爆炸的纪念。甚至那些在爆炸中没有严重受伤的人后来也病得很重
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