In the conclusion of our series, Brazza spends more than a decade as an administrator in Africa. He will then return to the Congo one final time, in 1905, to investigate the accusations of abuses against the native peoples.
People and Places
Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza - Born in Italy, but educated in France. Would join the French navy, and become interested in exploring Africa.
Ogowe River (often spelled Ogooué or Ogoway) - River in central Africa that Brazza would explore.
Congo River - River in central Africa.
Livingstone Falls - 220 mile stretch on the Congo filled with rapids and waterfalls. Impassable for most river craft.
Malamine Camara - Senegalese marine who would be Brazza's most trusted and capable comrade.
Noël Ballay - Doctor on Brazza's first and second expedition to Africa.
Charles de Chavannes - Friend and colleague of Brazza's in Africa.
Thérèse de Chambrun - Wife of Brazza.
Libreville - French outpost in what is modern-day Gabon.
Francheville - Outpost established by Brazza at the confluence of the Ogowe and Passa rivers.
Brazzaville - Outpost established by Brazza at the top of Livingstone Falls. Opposite the city of Leopoldville (now Kinshasha).
Alima River - Tributary of the Congo. Controlled by the Bobangi people.
Passa River - Tributary of the Ogowe. Location of Francheville.
King Leopold II of Belgium - Monarch who wanted to take control of the Congo basin.
Henry Morton Stanley - African explorer and journalist. Had crossed the continent and mapped the Congo River.
Makoko - Important Bateke chief who would sign treaty with Brazza.
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The Endurance Expedition begins! In this episode, we follow the Endurance from South Georgia Island and into the Weddell Sea - and discover the fate of Endurance.
Look at maps, and some links - including to video - on our website.
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Part six in our series covers the years 1910-1914. We follow the race to the South Pole between Robert Falcon Scott and Roald Amundsen, and then go with Shackleton as he prepares his next expedition - the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition - aka the Endurance Expedition.
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In the second part of the Nimrod Expedition, we focus on two things. First was the struggle of Shackleton and the geographic South Pole to get back to the Antarctic coast. And second, we will cover the pretty amazing story of the magnetic South pole team. It is a some amazing stuff.