Episodes
The American College of Cardiology released a new consensus statement endorsing several signs on the electrocardiogram (ECG) as "STEMI Equivalents." In this podcast, we review these signs. Show notes / graphics / references: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer
Published 10/18/22
Since 2010, the American Heart Association guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have de-emphasized pulse checks - such that they recommend against routine pulse checks. Despite this recommendation, may individuals and institutions continue to perform pulse checks. This episode reviews the recommendations and the literature. References/show notes: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer
Published 09/03/22
There is a global outbreak of human monkeypox virus cases. In this episode we provide a quick summary of monkeypox to date. Check out our two more in-depth episodes on the topic.  References/Show notes: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Jeremy Faust & Lauren Westafer
Published 07/29/22
There is a global outbreak of human monkeypox virus cases. In this episode (the second of a 2 part series), we summarize clinical manifestations, complications, and vaccination.  References/Show notes: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Jeremy Faust & Lauren Westafer
Published 07/29/22
There is a global outbreak of human monkeypox virus cases. In this episode (the first of a 2 part series), we summarize some brief virology, epidemiology, and review the transmission of this virus.  References/Show notes: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Jeremy Faust & Lauren Westafer
Published 07/29/22
We review the Anorectal emergencies: WSES-AAST guidelines on complicated hemorrhoids that include some practice-changers References: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer
Published 07/23/22
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and other first-generation antihistamines are commonly used, despite decades of data that there are safer and effective alternatives.  In this podcast, we review the guidelines / data behind common indications. References at FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer
Published 06/08/22
In this episode we review acute urticaria and new guidelines related to the treatment of urticaria. We review additional relevant trials Palungwachira et al and Barniol et al.  References/Show notes: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Jeremy Faust and Lauren Westafer
Published 03/11/22
In this podcast we discuss onset of action of various intramuscular agents for chemical sedation for severely agitated patients. This includes a study by Barbic et al on ketamine, the onset of action of midazolam (and association with length of stay), and is droperidol really magic? (Cole et al)  Shownotes/References: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Jeremy Faust and Lauren Westafer
Published 01/23/22
Outpatient management of pulmonary embolism for low-risk patients has been encouraged for several years. However, little is known about pulmonary embolism diagnosed and managed exclusively in the outpatient setting. In this study, Vinson et al describe the course of patients diagnosed with PE and managed in the outpatient setting in an integrated healthcare delivery system. Shownotes/References: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer
Published 01/15/22
The diagnostic algorithm for pulmonary embolism (PE) has evolved over the past few years to include probability or risk-adjusted D-dimer. The YEARS algorithm includes an elevated D-dimer threshold for some risk groups and has been found to be safe and reduce imaging in several studies, including in pregnant patients. Now, this multicenter trial by Freund et al evaluates use of YEARS and age-adjusted D-dimer compared with an age-adjusted approach alone. Shownotes/References: FOAMcast.org ...
Published 01/15/22
A seminal single-center study in 2018 by Driver et al found a 98% first-pass success in patients undergoing endotracheal intubation in the Emergency Department. This multi-center randomized control trial examines bougie vs stylet in a wider array of settings Show notes/references: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer
Published 01/15/22
Subsegmental pulmonary embolism (SSPE) is a controversial entity as they have uncertain clinical significance. As a result, the Chest Guidelines  and ACEP guidelines state that a very select group of patients with isolated SSPE and no deep vein thrombosis may be managed with surveillance rather than anticoagulation. In this podcast we review SSPE and a new prospective study by Le Gal and colleagues. Show notes and references: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer
Published 12/09/21
We review the FDA briefing document from Pfizer   as well as from the CDC Advisory Council on Immunization Practices that approved the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine in children ages 5-11. References and show notes: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer and Jeremy Faust
Published 11/02/21
We previously covered the management of young febrile infants in a 2017 podcast  but now we have updated guidance from the AAP. In this podcast, we review the 2021 AAP Guidelines for the management of well-appearing febrile infants 8-60 days old, highlight practice-changing recommendations. Show notes/references: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer
Published 10/19/21
In this episode, Jeremy discusses what we know about breakthrough infections in the delta variant era and what this may mean for COVID-19 vaccine boosters. Jeremy's takes can be found at Inside Medicine Show notes/references: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer and Jeremy Faust
Published 09/24/21
In this episode, we discuss the current evidence (as of September 24, 2021) on COVID-19 vaccine boosters as well as the CDC recommendations and the details of the Advisory Council on Immunization Practices recommendations/vote. Show notes/References at FOAMcast.org Jeremy's takes can be found at Inside Medicine Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer and Jeremy Faust
Published 09/24/21
In this literature update podcast covering important papers of 2021, we cover Becattini et al on the assessment of right ventricular dysfunction in patients diagnosed with acute pulmonary embolism (PE). We review guidelines on PE risk stratification for severity and discuss this individual patient meta-analysis. Show notes/references: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer and Jeremy Faust  
Published 08/10/21
This is a quick literature update on practice-changing literature from 2021. Here we discuss Pappal et al in Annals of Emergency Medicine on awareness during paralysis in mechanically ventilated patients Show notes / References: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer and Jeremy Faust
Published 08/09/21
This is a quick literature update of important literature in 2021 covering take-home naloxone by Kilaru et al. In this episode, we discuss principles of harm reduction, including naloxone, as well as the study.  Show notes, references, and resources: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer and Jeremy Faust
Published 08/08/21
We review new clinical policy guidelines from SAEM on patients with recurrent (2 ED evaluations in 12 months) low risk (e.g. HEART score Show notes and references: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Jeremy Faust and Lauren Westafer
Published 07/07/21
In this episode, we review the data on the association between myocarditis and the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines. Show notes / References: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Jeremy Faust and Lauren Westafer
Published 06/24/21
In this quick literature update, we review a recent paper by Branch et al on early 'panscan' (head to pelvis CT scan ) in patients with return of spontaneous circulation after out of hospital cardiac arrest.  Show notes/ references: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer and Jeremy Faust
Published 06/08/21
In this episode we review what we know about vaccine induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT), which has been associated with the COVID-19 viral vector vaccines by AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson. Show notes/references: FOAMcast.org Thanks for listening! Lauren Westafer and Jeremy Faust
Published 04/14/21