Revolutionary breaks out across Europe continent from France to Romania, Denmark to Italy. Slowly the authorities regained control but were unable to reverse all of the changes. Most governments, for example, kept some form of constitution, and liberals worked hard to defend what was left of their achievements. The events of 1848 gave millions of Europeans their first taste of politics, and remained an inspiration for later...
Published 04/29/22
In the first months of 1848, a tidal wave of revolution shook the political establishment of Europe to its foundations Events began with an uprising in Sicily in January, and by the end of the year the entire continent had been affected to some degree, including the overthrow of leaders in France, Austria, Italy and Germany www.patreon.com/historyeurope www.historyeurope.net Music: William Tell Overture by Gioachino Rossini, courtesy of musopen.org Picture: Revolutionaries in Berlin in March...
Published 04/22/22
King Charles X of France is overthrown and replaced by his cousin Louis Philippe, Duke of Orléans.  Meanwhile a 10 month long insurrection in Poland is crushed by the Russians. In the retribution which followed, eighty-thousand Poles are dragged off in chains to Siberia.  The year 1830 also witnessed the formal independence of Greece from the Ottoman Empire after a war which had begun nine years before. And the Industrial Revolution gathers steam across western...
Published 04/15/22
The Congress of Vienna 1814 at the end of the long Napoleonic Wars led to a period of relative peace on the continent of Europe. A network of institutions was established known as the ‘Concert of Europe’ where differences could be thrashed out before leading to war. After the French Revolution, the basis of sovereignty shifted from individuals and families as leaders to nations and states. Throughout Europe a generation of individuals from the educated elite took the lead in developing...
Published 04/08/22
The French army invades Russia. The Russians retreat deep into their own territory then confront the French at the inconclusive Battle of Borodino of September 1812. Napoleon leads his men into Moscow but is forced to abandon the city and return westwards in the middle of winter, resulting in devastating losses. The anti-French coalition regain the initiative at the huge Battle of the Nations and finally at the Battle of Waterloo. www.patreon.com/historyeurope www.historyeurope.net Music...
Published 03/18/22
The French invade Prussia and capture its capital Berlin, and then move into Poland and take Warsaw. Napoleon and Tsar Alexander then agreed the Treaties of Tilsit. The greatest resistance to French dominance comes from the Spanish, aided by the British under the command of the Duke of Wellington.www.patreon.com/historyeuropewww.historyeurope.netMusic from Beethoven - Symphony Nr 5, courtesy of www.musopen.orgPicture: Charles Meynier - Entrée de Napoléon à Berlin, 27 Octobre 1806 See...
Published 03/11/22
Peace could potentially have lasted after the treaties of Lunéville and Amiens of 1801 and 1802 had the great powers accepted each others’ spheres of influence. However, the agreements turned out to be just a short truce. Napoleon’s continued annexations in Europe and apparent ambitions in the Mediterranean and Near East alarmed the British and Russians. The French suffer defeat at Trafalgar but manage to occupy Vienna. The Russians then withdrew back eastwards, while the Austrians hastened...
Published 03/04/22
Napoleon leads the French into Egypt but is defeated at the Battle of the Nile by the British. Afterwards the Russians and Austrians push back against the French in Italy, but then suffer a reverse at the Battle of Marengo. Marengo turned out arguably to be the most important victory of Napoleon’s career. Had he lost the battle, he would have lost the war and probably the consulship. Instead his narrow win secured his job and won him...
Published 01/28/22
The French invade Belgium in 1794 and the Netherlands in 1795. The coalition against them starts to fall apart as individual members came to terms. Russia, Prussia and Austria are distracted by their partitioning of Poland, which is wiped off the map. Next the French invade Austria and Italy, the Italian campaign led by a promising young commander Napoleon Bonaparte. www.patreon.com/historyeurope www.historyeurope.net Music from Mozart (Symphony no. 40 'Prague'), courtesy of...
Published 01/21/22
A French military victory at Valmy in 1792 and the execution of Louis XVI in January 1793 focused the growing concern across Europe about the radical new regime in Paris. The true revolutionary nature of events in France was dawning on everyone, including the possibility of the export of the revolutionary principles. In France, there was further political turmoil in 1793 with the coming to power of Maximilien Robespierre, who embarked on a fully fledged reign of Terror Music - Mozart's...
Published 01/14/22
The French king from 1774, Louis XVI, was poorly equipped for the role of national leader at a difficult time. His tragedy was that he had good intentions and a strong sense of responsibility. But he was shy and awkward and lacked the required political skills and charisma. Decades of failure for the French in foreign and domestic affairs, resulted in a profound crisis of legitimacy for the monarchy, resulting in the famous revolution of...
Published 01/07/22
The Origins of the French Revolutionary Wars can be dated to 17th August 1787, when in Constantinople the Ottomans arrested the Russian ambassador Count Bulgakov in the Topkapi palace, and declared war on St Petersburg. Catherine the Great had deliberately provoked the Turks and now dragged in the reluctant Austrians into the war. The Austrian Emperor was Joseph II, the archetypal enlightened despot, who worked hard to reform his empire but from the top down. His reforms provoked the...
Published 12/31/21
In the last years of the 19th century the continent of Europe was turned on its head. France erupted into revolution in the middle of what was already a volatile situation, with various tensions between the Great Powers (Great Britain, Prussia, Russia, Austria, Ottomans as well as France). The storming of the Bastille is an iconic moment, not just for French, but world history. It came at a time when French prestige was in decline and her foreign policy seemed adrift. The French support of...
Published 12/24/21
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Published 11/05/21
Russo-Turkish War 1768-74, Catherine the Great www.historyeurope.net   See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Published 10/29/21
Seven Years War 1756-1763, Part 2 www.historyeurope.net Music composed by Joseph Haydn, courtesy of musopen.org    See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Published 09/24/21
Seven Years War 1756-63, Part 1 Pictured - Frederick the Great www.historyeurope.net Music - Joseph Haydn, Symphony 49 'The Passion', courtesy of www.musopen.org   See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Published 09/17/21
War of Austrian Succession Concludes Pictured - Battle of Fontenoy www.historyeurope.net Music - Winter by Antonio Vivaldi, courtesy of musopen.org   See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Published 08/27/21
Prussian Invasion of Habsburg Silesia by Frederick the Great Pictured - Maria Theresa - ruler of the Habsburg dominions www.historyeurope.net Music composed by Domenico Scarlatti, courtesy of musopen.org   See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Published 08/20/21
Background to the War of Austrian Succession 1740-48 War of Polish Succession 1733–35, Russo-Turkish War 1735–1739, War of Jenkins Ear 1739-1748 Pictured - Augustus II the Strong,  Elector of Saxony and King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania until his death in 1733, which triggered the War of Polish Succession Music composed by Antonio Vivaldi - Concerto for Bassoon in A minor, Concerto 11 in c minor, courtesy of musopen.org  www.historyeurope.net   See acast.com/privacy for privacy and...
Published 08/13/21
Introduction to the War of Austrian Succession 1740-1748; the rise of Prussia and beginning of the European Enlightenment. Pictured - Frederick William I, the king in Prussia and elector of Brandenburg (reigned 1713-40), known as the "Soldier King" for building up the military of his state. Music composed by Georg Philipp Telemann, courtesy of musopen.org www.historyeurope.net   See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Published 08/06/21
The armies of Peter the Great and Charles of Sweden fight the Battle of Poltava 1709. The Great Northern War 1700-1721 afterwards continues for a number of years, notably the Battle of the River Prut 1711, where the Russians confront the Ottomans.   See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Published 07/02/21
Charles XII of Sweden launches an audacious campaign towards Moscow through Poland, linking up with the Cossack leader Ivan Mazepa (pictured) www.patreon.com/historyeurope   See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Published 06/25/21
The Great Northern War - Charles XII, the young new king of Sweden, defends himself from attacks from his neighbours Russia, Denmark and Poland www.patreon.com/historyeurope   See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Published 06/18/21